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In this episode, I talk about Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs) and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs), using the symptom of dyspnea as my example.

I mention several dyspnea measurement tools in this episode. More information on them can be found here:

  1. the modified MRC Dyspnea Scale, which can be found in this paper (Table 3):
  2. the Borg Scale of Breathlessness, which can be found here:
  3. the Baseline and Transition Dyspnea Index, of which more information can be found here:
  4. the University of California San Diego Breathlessness Questionnaire, of which more information can be found here:

The American Thoracic Society has links and details for a number of different patient-reported outcomes. Go to their website listed below and you’ll will see many different patient-reported outcomes and links on how to access them.


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